Category: FAQs

What is Babylonian Philosophy?

What is Babylonian Philosophy?

Introduction Babylonian Philosophy is traced back to early Mesopotamian region. Much like most philosophical reflection of the time, it is tied to religion that, for Babylonians, revolved around identifying their gods with stars, planets, and other celestial bodies. Babylonians understood philosophy as a way of life, tying wisdom and ethics into one. History of Babylonian Philosophy From the 11th century BC, we have Esagil-kin-apli’s Diagnosic Handbook (Sakikkū – Sumerian for symptoms). It is a medical treatise that...

What is Fallibilism?

What is Fallibilism?

Introduction Fallibilism is the philosophical doctrine that claims that knowledge cannot be certain in an absolute sense. Historically speaking, some early Greek philosopher could be said to have been fallibilists (e.g. Socrates who places a limit on knowledge without going as far as sceptics). Nevertheless, as a doctrine it only comes to prominence in the 19th century with the development of pragmatism of William James, John Dewey, and Charles Sanders Peirce. In the 20th century,...

Who was St. Augustine of Hippo?

Introduction St. Augustine of Hippo (A.D. 354 – 430) was born in Algeria and later moved to Rome. He was a philosopher and theologian in the late Roman / early Medieval period. St. Augustine is primarily recognised as one of the most important figures in the development of Christianity, especially due to his immense influence on early developments of the doctrine, because it was through him that Christianity was brought to dominance in the previously...

What is Ethical Non-Naturalism?

What is Ethical Non-Naturalism?

Introduction Ethical Non-Naturalism (or Moral Non-Naturalism) is a meta-ethical doctrine. It is meant as a counterpart to Ethical Naturalism. As the name suggests, in Ethical Non-Naturalism the propositions expressed are not reducible to non-ethical statements, which is the assumption held by Ethical Naturalism. For example, it is not possible to define ‘good’ and  ‘bad’ as natural properties – as in, say, what is ‘pleasurable’ or ‘desirable’. That is to say, Ethical Non-Naturalism holds that such conceptions as...